P. Aghion and P. Howitt, A Model of Growth Through Creative Destruction, Econometrica, vol.60, issue.2, pp.323-351, 1992.
DOI : 10.2307/2951599

M. Arellano and S. Bond, Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations, The Review of Economic Studies, vol.58, issue.2, pp.277-297, 1991.
DOI : 10.2307/2297968

M. Bahmani-oskooee and A. Chakrabarti, Openness, size, and the saving???investment relationship, Economic Systems, vol.29, issue.3, pp.283-293, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecosys.2005.06.001

R. J. Barro and J. Lee, A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950.

R. J. Barro and J. Lee, International Comparisons of Educational Attainment, 1993.

C. Baum, M. Schaffer, and S. Stillman, Instrumental variables and GMM: Estimation and testing, Stata Journal, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-31, 2003.

J. Benhabib and M. Spiegel, The role of human capital in economic development evidence from aggregate cross-country data, Journal of Monetary Economics, vol.34, issue.2, pp.143-173, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0304-3932(94)90047-7

O. Blanchard and F. Giavazzi, Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area. The End of the Feldstein Horioka Puzzle?, SSRN Electronic Journal, vol.2002, issue.2, pp.147-186, 2002.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.372880

D. Bloom, D. Canning, G. Fink, and J. Finlay, Fertility, female labor force participation, and the demographic dividend, Journal of Economic Growth, vol.110, issue.3, pp.79-101, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s10887-009-9039-9

V. Borgy, X. Chojnicki, G. L. Garrec, and C. Schwellnus, Macroeconomic Consequences of Global Endogenous Migration: a General Equilibrium Analysis, Annals of Economics and Statistics, issue.97/98, p.6, 2009.
DOI : 10.2307/41219108

J. Campbell and P. Perron, Pitfalls and Opportunities: What Macroeconomists Should Know About Unit Roots, 1991.
DOI : 10.3386/t0100

URL : http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3374863

A. Chakrabarti, The saving???investment relationship revisited: New evidence from multivariate heterogeneous panel cointegration analyses, Journal of Comparative Economics, vol.34, issue.2, pp.402-419, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jce.2006.02.001

M. Chinn and H. Ito, A New Measure of Financial Openness, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, vol.51, issue.3, pp.309-322, 2008.
DOI : 10.1002/ijfe.209

M. Coiteux and S. Olivier, The saving retention coefficient in the long run and in the short run: evidence from panel data, Journal of International Money and Finance, vol.19, issue.4, pp.535-548, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0261-5606(00)00014-0

P. David and T. Van-de-klundert, Biased efficiency growth and capital-labor substitution in the US, 1899-1960', The American Economic Review, pp.357-394, 1965.

A. Deaton and A. Heston, Understanding PPPs and PPP-based national accounts, American Economic Journals: Macroeconomics, pp.1-35, 2010.
DOI : 10.3386/w14499

URL : http://www.princeton.edu/~deaton/downloads/deaton_heston_complete_nov10.pdf

Y. Decreux and H. Valin, MIRAGE, Updated Version of the Model for Trade Policy Analysis: Focus on Agriculture and Dynamics, 2007.

R. Duval and C. De-la-maisonneuve, Long-run growth scenarios for the world economy, Journal of Policy Modeling, vol.32, issue.1, pp.64-80, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jpolmod.2009.10.001

R. Feenstra, H. Ma, J. Neary, and D. Rao, Who Shrunk China? Puzzles in the Measurement of Real GDP, pp.1-37, 2012.

M. Feldstein and C. Horioka, Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows, The Economic Journal, vol.90, issue.358, pp.314-329, 1980.
DOI : 10.2307/2231790

R. W. Fogel, Capitalism and Democracy in 2040: Forecasts and Speculations, 2007.
DOI : 10.3386/w13184

J. Hawksworth and A. Tiwari, The World in 2050?The Accelerating Shift of Global Economic Power: Challenges and Opportunities, 2011.

H. Herwartz and F. Xu, A functional coefficient model view of the Feldstein???Horioka puzzle, Journal of International Money and Finance, vol.29, issue.1, pp.37-54, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2008.12.001

H. Herwartz and F. Xu, Panel data model comparison for empirical saving-investment relations, Applied Economics Letters, vol.16, issue.8, pp.803-807, 2009.
DOI : 10.2307/2234383

M. Higgins, Demography, National Savings, and International Capital Flows, International Economic Review, vol.39, issue.2, pp.343-369, 1998.
DOI : 10.2307/2527297

C. Hurlin and V. Mignon, Une synth?se des tests de cointégration sur données de panel', Economie & prévision, pp.241-265, 2008.

C. Hurlin and V. Mignon, Une synth?se des tests de racine unitaire sur données de panel, Economie & prévision, issue.3, pp.253-294, 2005.

W. J. Jansen, Interpreting Saving-Investment Correlations, Open Economies Review, vol.9, issue.3, pp.207-219, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1008264300142

A. Levin, C. Lin, and C. Chu, Unit root tests in panel data: asymptotic and finite-sample properties, Journal of Econometrics, vol.108, issue.1, pp.1-24, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-4076(01)00098-7

E. Lodigiani, Diaspora externalities and technology diffusion, Economie internationale, issue.3, pp.43-64, 2009.

N. Mamingi, Saving-investment correlations and capital mobility: The experience of developing countries, Journal of Policy Modeling, vol.19, issue.6, pp.605-626, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0161-8938(96)00072-5

N. G. Mankiw, D. Romer, and D. N. Weil, A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.107, issue.2, pp.407-437, 1992.
DOI : 10.2307/2118477

A. Markandya and S. Pedroso-galinato, How substitutable is natural capital?, Environmental and Resource Economics, vol.41, issue.4, pp.297-312, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s10640-007-9117-4

URL : http://hdl.handle.net/10419/74072

P. R. Masson, T. A. Bayoumi, and H. Samiei, International Evidence on the Determinants of Private Saving, The World Bank Economic Review, vol.12, issue.3, pp.483-501, 1998.
DOI : 10.1093/wber/12.3.483

G. Metcalf, An Empirical Analysis of Energy Intensity and Its Determinants at the State Level, The Energy Journal, vol.29, issue.3, pp.1-26, 2008.
DOI : 10.5547/ISSN0195-6574-EJ-Vol29-No3-1

F. Modigliani, The Role of Intergenerational Transfers and Life Cycle Saving in the Accumulation of Wealth, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.2, issue.2, pp.15-40, 1988.
DOI : 10.1257/jep.2.2.15

DOI : 10.1111/1468-0084.61.s1.14

F. Pelgrin, S. Schich, and B. Of-canada, National Saving-Investment Dynamics and International Capital Mobility, SSRN Electronic Journal, 2004.
DOI : 10.2139/ssrn.555281

S. Poncet, The Long Term Growth Prospects of the World Economy: Horizon, 2006.

J. Vandenbussche, P. Aghion, and C. Meghir, Growth, distance to frontier and composition of human capital, Journal of Economic Growth, vol.98, issue.1/2, pp.97-127, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s10887-006-9002-y

K. Ward, H. Plc, and H. G. Research, The World in 2050: Quantifying the Shift in Global Economy, 2010.

E. Van-der-werf, Production functions for climate policy modeling: An empirical analysis, Energy Economics, vol.30, issue.6, pp.2964-2979, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.eneco.2008.05.008

J. Westerlund, Testing for Error Correction in Panel Data, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, vol.54, issue.6, pp.709-748, 2007.
DOI : 10.1017/S0266466600163054

D. Wilson and R. Purushothaman, Dreaming with BRICs: the path to 2050', Goldman Sachs Global Economics Paper, 2003.

D. Wilson, K. Trivedi, S. Carlson, and J. Ursua, The BRICs 10 Years On: Halfway Through The Great Transformation, 2011.

. Angola, . Benin, B. Botswana, . Faso, . Burundi et al., Cote d'Ivoire